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Nothing will benefit human health and increase the chances for survival of life on Earth
as much as the evolution to a vegetarian diet.
- Albert Einstein
Small acts, when multiplied by millions of people, can transform the world. - Howard Zinn
Affirmation of life is the spiritual act by which man ceases to live thoughtlessly and begins to devote himself to his life
with reverence in order to give it true value.
— Albert Schweitzer
How to tell truth from lies (Donald Trump et al)
Fake news, dodgy experts, mendacious media: it's more crucial than ever to work out what's true ourselves. Doing that means first overcoming our own biases
Are pants on fire?
Carolyn Drake/Magnum Photos
Inside knowledge: How to tell truth from lies
POST-TRUTH was 2016’s word of the year, according to Oxford Dictionaries. Not least in the furious debates surrounding the UK Brexit vote and Donald Trump’s election as US president, claims and counter claims of fake news, dodgy experts and media mendacity have been flying around.
For a hardcore of relativist philosophers, that’s all a storm in a teacup – there’s no such thing as objective truth that exists outside our minds. Nonsense, harrumphs
Peter van Inwagen
of the University of Notre Dame in Indiana. If a doctor says I have cancer of the gut, he says, “whether that is true depends on what is going on in my gut, and not on what is going on in my doctor’s mind”.
Accept that, and the challenge – in the post-truth era as much as in the pre-post-truth era – is to ensure that our inside knowledge is aligned as far as possible with outside truth.
That’s hard, not least because in a complex society we rely on the knowledge of others, even when we don’t realise it. Ask someone if they know how an everyday object such as a ballpoint pen works and they’ll generally say yes, until you ask them to explain it. It turns out that our confidence in our own knowledge is often based on the certainty that somebody else knows.
; plural noun:
the action of making something obscure, unclear, unintelligible,
dark, or difficult to understand.
"when confronted with sharp questions they resort to obfuscation" i.e. Trump Admin. apologists K. Conway and Spicer
is the willful obscuring of the intended meaning of communication, usually by making the message confusing, ambiguous, or difficult to understand.
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